The World Heritage List was established under terms of the
Convention Concerning the Protection of World Culture and Natural Heritage
adopted in November 1972 at the 17th General Conference of UNESCO.
The Convention states that a World Heritage Committee
"will establish, keep up-to-date and publish" a World Heritage List
of cultural and natural properties, submitted by the States and considered to
be of outstanding universal value.
One of the main responsibilities of this Committee is to
provide technical co-operation under the World Heritage Fund for the
safeguarding of World Heritage Sites to States whose resources are
insufficient. Emergency assistance is also available under the Fund in the
case of properties severely damaged by specific natural or man-made disasters
or threatened with imminent destruction.
The Committee named 12 sites in 1978, 44 in 1979, 26 in
1980, 28 in 1981, 24 in 1982, 28 in 1983, 22 in 1984, 31 in 1985, 18 in 1986,
42 in 1987, 36 in 1988, 7 in 1989, 17 in 1990, 23 in 1991, 21 in 1992, 32 in
1993, 29 in 1994. *Small discrepancies in numbers may be due to different
methods of numbering sites, and overlapping of sites into two countries.
The list currently contains 440 different properties around
Three Slovak sites were included on the World List of
Cultural Heritage at the session of the Committee of World Heritage in
Cartagena, Columbia, in December 1993. These are: Banská Štiavnica, a
Medieval mining settlement with all the typological elements of a free royal
town, and its surrounding technological sites; the reserve of Vlkolínec, a
very well preserved characteristic settlement with traditionally constructed
houses and undisturbed environment; and finally the Medieval urban complex of
Spiš Castle (the seat of feudal power), Spišské Podhradie (the settlement
below the Castle), and the Spiš Chapter (centre of Church power and
administration), with the Church of the Holy Spirit at
Žehra. Slovakia had been trying to have these sites listed since 1991, after
the former Czecho-Slovak Federal Republic in 1990 had accepted the Agreement
on World Legacy Protection, approved by the General Conference of UNESCO in
Paris in 1972.
On NOvember 30, 200
Bardejov in Eastern Slovakia was
added to the World Heritage Sites list.
TO UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN SLOVAKIA
Published in the Slovak
Heritage Live newsletter Volume 3, No. 4, Winter 1995
Copyright © Vladimir Linder 1999
Street, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5C 1P6
above article may not be copied, reproduced, republished, or redistributed
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of Vladimir Linder. All