VESTMENTS FROM SLOVAKIA
ANNIVERSARY OF DECHTICE
While doing genealogical
research for a client in Katlovce I was told that the birth records for
this village are kept in Dechtice. While getting the copy of the birth
certificate I met the mayor who told me about the upcoming celebrations of
their 740th anniversary of first written mention of Dechtice in a document
of Hungarian King Bela IV from 1248. The celebrations will take place on
November 1st in Dechtice. The Mayor told me also about the Romanesque
style rotunda Roman Catholic Church of All Saints above the village. I
went to see Father Michal Mikuska, whose house is right across the town
hall. He took me to the church. What is interesting is that the church
looks rectangular in shape from outside, however it does have shape of
rotunda inside. The church was built in 1172 from bricks. It was renovated
in 1741 and a bell tower was added at this time. In 1756 they added a
During the renovations in 1932 beautiful unique frescoes were
discovered in the stucco inside and were restored. Next to the altar we
can see a fragment of a bigger composition of an Eucharistic diner. Bigger
fresco under the window can be split into four sections.
A priest is christening a boy with a cross. Above them is sun, moon and
fish is painted under the christening pot. The whole composition is
sprinkled with stars. The Christ is a word in the center of the planets of
heaven and people. The fish is symbolizing ancient Christian cryptogram,
and also the power of mercy.
soldiers are lashing Christ with brooms. Christ has a dove on his head a
symbol of the Holy Ghost.
Way of the cross: the
Christ is carrying the cross and at the same time he is chained to a pole.
A soldier in armor and a shield is paying respects and we can se the dove
again here. This picture is also above the usual customs of similar
to the cross we see a three of life with five branches. Sun and moon are
as on the first fresco. The death of Christ on the cross has given the
design a meaning for the design of the three of life with five branches
symbolizing the five wounds of Christ. The fresco ends on the bottom of
the right side with a fragment of a foot and a fish.
The artist has used
yellow, white and red colors. The red over the time has turned into black.
All situations of this fresco are mended together with the star background
and the whole composition is deeply symbolic including the understanding
of universe with the God being the center of everything.
BACK TO TOWNS AND VILLAGES
TO CATHOLIC CHURCHES
VESTMENTS FROM SLOVAKIA
Published in the Slovak Heritage Live newsletter Volume 5, No. 3, Fall 1997
Copyright © Vladimir Linder 1997
Street, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5C 1P6
The above article and
photographs may not be copied, reproduced, republished, or redistributed
by any means including electronic, without the express written permission
Linder. All rights reserved.