SUMMARY OF THE
WINTER 2007 ISSUE
Volume 15, No. 4, Winter 2007
A quarterly newsletter
published by Vladimir Linder
Winter issue was published in
October 2007 and it was mailed to 1000 recipients world wide.
FROM THE EDITOR
On September 26, I
have received an email with great news form my friend and the principal
of Liptovská Teplička Elementary School VALIKA
that the village has been named THE VILLAGE OF THE YEAR 2007. All
along I was hoping that they would win this competition as they try so
hard to have a beautiful village in these hard times. There are
improvements noticeable every time I return. This year they opened a new
soccer field, and a tennis, volleyball and basketball artificial turf
court with club house, containing changing rooms, washrooms and showers.
This club house will have a fitness center as well. Last year they
opened their museum, remodeled the cultural center and volunteer fire
hall. They got the road rebuilt to Vikartovce, year ago they rebuilt the
road to Šuňava. The mayor and my friend JOZEF
is doing a great job in putting Liptovská
Teplička on the map. I was so happy and overwhelmed from their success
that I opened a bottle of Chilean Sparkling wine and had a toast to
I made a congratulatory web page:
DEDINA ROKA-VILLAGE OF THE YEAR 2007
I was so happy that I also wrote a poem:
Because a village that is behind God’s back,
even two times
where the foxes are saying good night,
a village full of surprises and night’s breeze and silence,
where a person hears the wind,
at night you are kind of closer to the stars,
the brook Teplička
is plopping beautifully,
in the morning you are awaken by
the sound of the bells of by passing cows
going to the pasture,
where everything is as if the time stood still,
if only for a moment
a village I love,
village Liptovská Teplička,
yes my village.
I am happy that I found you
MAIL BAGHello Vlad,
Now you’ve done it finally, stimulated this response by your latest
newsletter of summer 2007. Not only because of your impassioned pleas
over expired subscriptions, but also due to that issue’s “Mailbag” which
displayed 3 letters from this Ohio area-one of which is from here,
Barberton, by a Paul Kosuth, hereto fore unknown, but whom I’ve since
contacted certainly and enthusiastically! (It took Vlad 2500 miles away
to introduce Paul, .25 mile away, or, Paul Kosuth’s 5000 miles letter
That newsletter also contained the article “A dream Becomes Reality,” by
Paul Berish of N.Y. and it referred to our Paul Hudak of Lakewood and
Rudy Bachna of Kent-the latter president and founder of our Kent-Dudince
sister city Association-in describing a Slovakia tour they hosted, and
appealingly personal for Paul Berish. But it so happened that I needed
to visit Rudy (on Vine St.) in Kent prior to a regular monthly K-DSCA
meeting and I took along your newsletter just received. My brief
interruption of this newsletter editing quickly changed to elation-his,
with Paul’s Berish article and mine, with seeing his layout photos of
the same Štefánik monument as featured on and in your newsletter! And he
also possesses a Štefánik related WWI uniform.
So after all the above, I am enclosing a $100.00 check for renewal
subscriptions plus one CANENS CD. As I’ve belonged to choral
groups; what’s the meaning of “CANENS” an acronym? Did you know our K-DSCA
sponsored a similar concert tour to Slovakia in 2004 by our Kent
Roosevelt High School Choir? The CD will go to their director.
You have publicized much about Levoča; but did you know there is another
Slovak Greek Catholic Marian pilgrimage site second only to Levoča in
Lutina, Šariš county about 25 miles NW of Prešov? I and others in Ohio,
PA, NY and CT would be delighted if you would check out this humbler
site of Basilica Minor since 1988 and its 1851 initial events that
happened on “Ljučinská Hôrka” nearby. The full story appeared in “The
New Rusyn Times” July/Aug. 2001, Pittsburgh, PA., and www.c-rs.org.
This is also my parental grandparents marriage locale in 1893 (Jakubiak
and Trojanovics)… and so a tribute.
Finally I am enclosing a photo of that more realistic Spišská Sobota
Last Supper of yours with my framing. It has replaced a sophisticated 15th
century Florentine one in the dining room and previously explained.
Heartfelt best wishes and some relief,
George E. Jakubiak
Barberton OH USA
Editor’s note: I contacted the
director of CANENS choir and he said that the new name was chosen
by the girls in 1990, when they had to change their status. He and also
Wikipedia on the web say that: In
Canens was the personification of song. She was a
Her husband, King
was turned into a
because he scorned her love. Canens searched for her husband for six
days, and then threw herself into the
River. She sang one final song and then died. They had one son,
To: Mr. Linder,
My husband is of Slovak Heritage-the Spiš region-and I have visited
Slovakia twice. He will enjoy receiving your heritage newsletter. He is
Mr. Louis C. Dugas. My family is from western Hungary and Vienna, so
close to Bratislava. My interest in choral music prompted me to send
money and blessings to Magdalena. I am in my late sixties and have been
singing for fifty-five of those years. My three years with the Heinz
Chapel Choir at the University of Pittsburgh allowed me to travel with,
and for, music also. My blessings for Magdalena and the CANENS CHOIR.
Sincerely Louise Dugas
Slovan PA USA
P.S. My husband’s second cousin Ján Dugas
lives in Košice. He and his wife are great people. Also his cousin Ján
Bočkay lives in Spišská Nová Ves.
Dear Mr. Linder,
Enclosed is $11.99 to sponsor Magdalena’s trip to South Africa with
choir. Our subscription expired in November, please extend it 1 year
with the enclosed offer.
Paul R. Chenevey
New Wilmington PA USA
Here is a check for $15.00 for the CANENS CD, and hope Magdalena
and friends are able to make the trip. My wife and I visited Bratislava
in May 2007. My grandparents were Slovak. My aunt (deceased) visited
there years ago…I have no living relatives there now.
Rialto CA USA
LET’S HELP MAGDALENA’S DREAM COME THROUGH
In the summer issue you have read
about CANENS choir, where I sing already ten years and about our
planned trip to South Africa. You also had a chance to buy our profile
CD. I hope that if you have bought it, you liked it. I would like this
way to thank everybody for their favor and support, because by buying
our CD, you have helped me a lot. Without your help my journey to South
Africa wouldn’t be possible.
When we learned with the other girl singers about our planed trip to
CAPE TOWN, we were very excited, but several of us realized that
financially we couldn’t afford it. Trip to South Africa is yet very
financially challenging. Many children from our choir weren’t able to
get enough money and that is why only 32 people are going, of which
there will be 16 singers from CANENS choir (all together we have
35 singers). The rest of the participants of our trip are dancers from
group SETAS, with whom we cooperate approximately 2 years.
It was really hard to get sponsors for our trip. At the end, thanks to
my parents, to whom I also grateful, we found a company that was willing
to sponsor me. I would like also thank Ing. ŠTEFAN ROSINA, PhD.
General director of MATADOR a.s. that is involved in
manufacturing tires and other products from technical rubber, for their
generous support. I would also like to help the readers of the SLOVAK
HERITAGE LIVE newsletter and Mr. Linder who supported me by buying
our CD and also their extra contributions towards my trip.
At the present time my journey to South Africa is becoming reality,
thanks to your and MATADOR’S support.
I have and will make some money myself thanks to concerts with choir,
during summer and fall months for American tourists traveling on cruise
ships on river Danube. These concerts last about an hour. We perform
with our traditional repertoire, something from classical music and then
songs that are in huge demand as Yellow Submarine, I got rhythm,
Cabaret, and I’m going up a yonder or a song from Finland Metsa
Should I get from my sponsors and supporters additional funds, above my
personal costs, I will donate them to the choir. This way I will help
other children that are unable to come due to financial difficulties.
So what can we expect in South Africa? We depart on November 19, 2007
from Vienna through Doha, Qatar in the Persian Gulf and Johannesburg to
Cape Town, apparently one of the most beautiful cities in the world. We
will visit its dominant the Table Mountain. In Durbanville (centre of
Cape Town) we are planning to visit DURBANVILLE HIGH SCHOOL,
where we will participate in studies and we will after all perform at
the CITY DURBANVILLE HALL. We should also visit the ZOO in
Cape Town, visit the UNIVERSITY CITY STELLENBOSCH where is the
oldest university in South African Republic. We have also planned a
visit to the PARLIAMENT BUILDING, NATIONAL MUSEUM, and STAR
OBSERVATORY. Following days we will have join performances with our
sister music school ATHLON ACADEMY OF MUSIC. In our plans is also
a day trip to the most favorite beach of Cape Town-CLIFTON BEACH
and a stop at HORN OF PLENTY where the Atlantic and Indian Ocean
come together. It will be very exciting for all of us.
And how it will all happen, what will we experience and how successful
we were, I plan to inform you after our return on December 2 with my
article in the spring 2008 issue of The Slovak Heritage Live
Yours very truly,
851 01 Bratislava
THANK YOU TO ALL
THAT SUPPORTED MAGDALENA SO FAR
response to Magdalena’s story has been overwhelming and so far we got
US$403.90 and I sent Magdalena this summer together 11887.47 SK,
this included my personal donation of 2000.00 SK which is about
US$ 83.00. As I know we will have more orders, I will transfer
the rest of the money to her prior to them going to South Africa in
November. Full list of donors will be published in the spring 2008 issue
of the Slovak Heritage Live, including story by Magdalena about the
SOUTH AFRICA trip. Her mother was instrumental in getting major
sponsor ING. ŠTEFAN ROSINA CEO., with whom she went to
University in Bratislava of tire works CONTINENTAL
MATADOR in Púchov. Their support was US$1240.00.
HISTORY OF MATADOR
arose in the town of Púchov in 1947 as a “national enterprise” (since
“state-owned enterprise”) that was split off from the old firm Matador
Bratislava for tire production.
was founded in
known as the “Matador-Gummi und Balata Werke” involved mainly in the
production of rubber hoses and belts in its new facilities in
a district of
Since 1925, it has produced tires (the first tire producer in former
Its tires were mounted to all famous Czechoslovak automobiles of the
thus contributing in cooperation with the brands
and others to the development of automotive industry in
The firm was nationalized in
and privatized in
Its trade name has been Matadorex, a.s. since the privatization.
Production in Púchov started in
It was called “Gumárne 1. Mája” at that time, and sold its products
under the trademark
Gradually it expanded its production and became the monopoly producer of
and the main producer of rubber
in Czechoslovakia. It also started to produce various truck radial tires
in the 1970s etc. The company has founded its own research and
development center in
(now “Vipo”) and provided technical assistance for the construction of
rubber works in India, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Cambodia, Burma, Syria,
Turkey, Iran and Yugoslavia. In
in was turned into a joint-stock company and privatization took place
The trademark of the products of the company was changed to MATADOR
and the firm’s name was changed to Gumárne Barum in 1991 and to Matador
The joint venture “CONTINENTAL
MATADOR” for the production of truck tires was established in Púchov
in September 1998.
CONTINENTAL MATADOR, s.r.o.
is a joint-venture of
CONTINENTAL AG (76 %) and Slovak
A.S. (24 %)
producing truck tires. The plant is currently under complete
April 2007, Continental AG, Hanover, acquired a 51 percent stake in the
rubber and conveyor belt business of Matador Group, Púchov, Slovakia. In
2006 Matador Group had 4,770 employees and posted sales of approx. €450
million. “With this strategic alliance we will further improve the
quality and volume of Matador tire production, open new markets and
increase the value of the Matador brand. After excellent experiences
with our truck tire joint venture, we are sure that this partnership
will be the best solution for the future of Matador and also for our
employees. We are, moreover, also strengthening our position in
Automotive-our second strategic business,” said ING. ŠTEFAN
ROSINA, CEO. of the MATADOR GROUP.
The ContiTech Conveyor Belt Group also stands to benefit from the
acquisition. “Adding Matador’s business to ours makes sense
strategically,” said GERHARD LERCH, member of Continental’s
Executive Board and responsible for the ContiTech division. “The company
is very well-positioned in the Eastern Europe.” With a workforce of 160,
Matador manufactures a wide range of textile belts in Slovakia. The
ContiTech Conveyor Belt Group has eight locations: in Chile, China,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, and Mexico. With its approximately
2,700 employees, it posted sales of €379 million in 2006.
CEO. of the Matador Group, expressed his satisfaction: “For us it
opens up possibilities to develop further our automotive business in
line with our strategy regarding new projects with automotive
By combining its own clout and experience with Matador, Continental
intends to maximize its market position in Central and Eastern Europe
and create supplementary sales possibilities in Russia, as well as in
It is one of the most successful
domestic companies of Slovakia and one of major global tire producers.
It exports above 87% of its production into 80 countries worldwide. It
does not produce only tires, but also associated and similar products
and services. It has several trading companies and a network of shops.
The largest export customers are the
states. GUS states are republics of the former Soviet Union:
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus,
Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
The old medieval Archbishop’s
Winter Residence known also under the name Primate’s Palace conformed
neither the taste nor requirements of the period of late 18th
century in spite of costly reconstructions carried out in the past. The
archbishop Cardinal Joseph Batthyany decided to have the old object
pulled down and a new one constructed. Luxurious residence was a project
by Melchior Hefele, an architect of Austrian origin.
The building was completed in 1781. After Maria Theresa died (1780)
Joseph II. step by step moved central institutions of the country back
to Buda. Newly built Archbishop’s Palace was not utilized in the way
Cardinal had intended. After the Archbishop died in 1799, his successor
moved back to Esztergom. Even though Hungarian Archbishops Primates
retained the Pressburg (Bratislava) object, they stayed here only
760 ANNIVERSARY OF MARIAN
MOUNT IN LEVOČA
ORA PRO NOBIS PECCATORIBUS
Mons. Prof. ThDr. ICDr. PaedDr. František DLUGOŠ, PhDr.
Christian legends have
their dominant spiritual foundation and size, but in past centuries they
gained its un doubtful culturally aesthetic and mostly ethic meaning.
Old biblical stories are entering and entered into a sphere of national
cultures. In the globalization of Europe smart politicians and
philosophers are carefully guarding the legends coming from the old
ages-great period of the earliest sunrise of history.
Constitution of European Union in its preamble is appealing and leaning
against four pillars:
Democratic and political system of ancient Greece
Concept of Roman law
Cultural heritage of the highest period of Italian Renaissance
Principle of Christianity in its aspects of moral customs, spiritual,
philosophical and cultural.
Legends are usually connected with important European pilgrimage sites.
To who’s from October 4, 2004 Levoča belongs as well.
But with Marian Mount there is no evidence of an immediate direct
mystery. More likely the birth of the pilgrimage site above Levočalooks
like the consequence of Tartar rides, saving of human lives in the hills
of Levoča in 1247. This is the date of beginning pilgrimages to Marian
Mount, supported by arrival of Minorites to town. This order began to
nurture and spread cult of Virgin Mary and brought the name of the
Marian Mount doesn’t have historically researched or proven legend about
supernatural appearance of the Mother of God, but it has far more
treasures. It didn’t come at once in the form of gift of miracle, but it
was forming over the centuries. First pilgrims in the 13th
century began to build spiritual site and Christian fundament of
Levoča’s holly site. Slovak worshippers pervaded with sincere godliness,
deep faith and hope were adding brick to brick, therefore prayer to
prayer, confession to confession, Marian song to song.
Our forefathers were keeping deep respect of this Holly place in their
hearts; worshipers were running to her with trust, young girls were
finding in her their ideal and the sufferers, meaning of their
distressful lot. They were all going to Levoča’s Virgin Mary...
ANNIVERSARY OF THE CORONATION OF
COMMEMORATIVE 5000Sk GOLD COIN
Present day Slovakia was
part of the Hungarian Kingdom from the 10th century until the
end of World War II. In the early 1500’s Hungary was threatened by
plundering raids of the Turks, who defeated the Christian army at the
battle of Mohacs in 1526. Luis II. the Hungarian and Czech king also
died there. This opened the way into the Hungarian lowlands and the
Turks pushed further inland. After the Turkish occupation of capital
Buda in 1536, the Hungarian nobility, church and secular dignitaries
were forced to look for a new shelter. The Hungarian parliament decided
that Pressburg (Bratislava nowadays) would become the capital and
coronation city of the Hungarian kings and the seat of the king and the
most significant institutions of the country. This was due to
Bratislava’s advantageous location and firm fortification. However, the
ruler of the entire multinational Habsburg Empire, which was a broad
conglomerate of various countries connected only through his person,
permanently resided in near by Vienna. The Gothic St. Martin’s Cathedral
became the coronation church. From 1536 to 1830, a total of 11 rulers
and 8 royal wives were crowned with St. Stephen’s Crown here...
IN THE LAND OF
THE ROLLING Z’S
STUDYING MY GRANDFATHER’S NATIVE TONGUE
Twenty years ago, I
asked my Slovak grandfather to teach me some Slovak words. Rose,
I said: How do you say rose?
answered, and my sister and I imitated those rolling z’s. Something came
alive in our mouths: this language that was familiar to him, new to us.
Finally this summer, I followed those rolling z’s back to Slovakia-to
Modra, a town just outside Bratislava, famous for ceramics and wine-and
attended the Comenius University Intensive Language course. And
suddenly I was in a roomful of international students, people from the
United States and Holland and Egypt, all of us trying to pronounce these
same Slovak sounds.
In Seattle, I had learned a little more than ruža and
ružička from my friend Andrea. As my Slovak tutor, she
taught me greetings, self-introductions, and tried to get me started
with some basic verbs and vocabulary. I guess I had learned quite a bit:
when I took the placement test on that first day in Modra (with national
film crews peeking over my shoulder), I did just well enough to be
assigned to the intermediate class! That was a shock, but I welcomed it.
I’m an English teacher and I love learning languages, so I figured I’d
soon find my way.
The first week was a great challenge. My teachers talked to me and my
classmates continuously in Slovak-with a few English translations here
and there!-and rarely slowed down. They wanted the language to sink into
us, and it did. I am grateful for that constant flow of Slovak into my
Let me show you how limited my Slovak really was when I began the
program. During the first few days of class, the teacher kept using this
word that sounded like apricot. I couldn’t understand
why she would be talking so much about fruit. Of course, I was both
relieved and embarrassed to learn that word:
actually means for example!
This was the perfect vocabulary for
me to learn during my first few school days in Slovakia!...
by Dana Bentchik
In Detva we have a tradition,
that within a “bigger” event, such as the July Folk Festival, there are
a number of minor events or activities happening around, not necessarily
in the amphitheater area. It’s mainly various exhibitions, concerts as
well as different kinds of creative workshops.
I would like to introduce here a group of children, pupils of the
Performing Arts School of Svetozár Stračina in Detva, who participate in
different events within the Detva folk festival every year.
Svetozár Stračina, after who the Performing Arts School in Detva is
named, was a Slovak composer, whose work was based to a large extent on
Slovak folk songs. He composed music for a number of Slovak film
projects for children and adults, a great number of music pieces for
different instruments; he composed for prominent Slovak folk ensembles.
He found great inspiration in the region of Podpoľanie and maybe this
led him to composing a theme tune for the Detva festival, which is
always played at the very beginning of the festival (as well as each
individual program) and in the end, and is so significant for all
folklore lovers. After Svetozár Stračina had passed away, as an
expression of esteem, the Detva Performing Arts School took his name and
became the Performing Arts School of Svetozár Stračina.
Children from this school not only perform on the stage at the Detva
festival as musicians and dancers, but they also have their own “event”
called Little Artists.
Girls and boys with their teacher Agata Hlinicová placed their stand
right in front of the church. They brought their own handicrafts-
artifacts they made themselves back at school in their class called
“Folk Crafts“. During four years of their study in this class children
learn different techniques of Slovak folk craft, such as weaving
carpets, lace making, different kinds of needlework, glass decorating,
making different items from a wire, wood, leather, clay and many more.
Girls in front of the church, dressed in beautiful Detva folk costumes,
attracted passing-by people with showing them how skilled they were in
making these products.
When there is music, there is more fun. So the little artists invited
their friends, children-musicians, who study accordion at the same
school. Three accordion players (who are already inseparable as friends
and as musicians)-Miška Škodová, Janka Kružliaková and Stanko Smutný-created
a very pleasant atmosphere around the folk craft stand in front of the
church by playing various Slovak folk songs. Their teacher, Mrs. Hana
Hodúlová, who happens to be my mom, was “stepping around” them, giving
advice here and there and finally, couldn’t resist, took her accordion
and played with them...
CHRONOLOGY & LEXICON
This book is in
The book (350 pages) is divided into two sections.
The first section, the calendar, presents Slovak history from the first
evidence about human beings on Slovak territory up to the events that
took place in 1998 with notations summarizing important historical
events and phenomena.
The second section is an encyclopedic dictionary with three hundred
alphabetically arranged entries characterizing the most important
concepts, institutions, and events. It includes genealogical tables of
the longest reigning dynasties on the Hungarian throne, a list of all
rulers and presidents of states to which the lands of Slovakia belonged
(Great Moravia, the Kingdom of Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia and
Six historians from Bratislava prepared this chronology of Slovak
history (J. Bartl, V. Segeš, V. Čičaj, D. Škvarna-main author, R. Letz
and M. Kohútová).
It is said that the way to the knowledge of the present leads through a
knowledge of the past. Therefore, this book can be recommended to
all readers, who are interested in the Slovak history as well as to
those, who are involved in genealogical research.
We can only welcome this book trying to fill the gap because until now,
Slovak history was not sufficiently covered and to a very limited extent
in the English language.
It is not frequent to mention the translator’ s name, but an exception
in this case is allowed, thank you David P. Daniel for your excellent
Reviewed by: Miroslava
TOTAL PRICE US$ 131.90
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TO SLOVAK HERITAGE LIVE MAIN PAGE
Copyright © Vladimir Linder 2007
Street, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5C 1P6
The above article and photographs may not be copied, reproduced,
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the express written permission of Vladimir
Linder. All rights