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Samuel Mikovini, a renowned scholar, engraver, mathematician, surveyor, astronomer, cartographer, water-engineer, architect, builder and teacher was a leading representative of science and technology in the 18th century.

He was born around 1686 at Turicky (now Cinobana). He learnt engraving at Nuremberg, and later studied mathematics at university in Aldorf and in Jena. He acquired cartographic training at the military academy in Vienna.

In Nuremberg, he showed that he was a good engraver and a gifted artist. He published note-worthy series of engravings-views of Aldorf and Nuremberg. The engravings of Aldorf, published in 1723, also include a map of the district. From 1725, he was provincial mathematician in Bratislava. In his period, as imperial and royal surveyor, he devoted most of his attention to improvement works, especially anti-flood works on the banks of the river Danube and Vah, work to secure their navigability, and regulation work near Tata.

He also concerned himself with astronomy at an observatory which he had established at his home in present-day Laurintska street in Bratislava. He also used the results of his research in Astronomy and map-making.

Mikovini made a significant contribution to Hungarian map making. He relied on his own measurements and used a unique cartographic method, based on four basic principles-astronomical, geometrical, magnetic, and hydrographic. His work was significantly influenced by another renowned Slovak scholar of 18th century Hungary, Matej Bel. Mikovini engraved a map of Demanovska Cave and several illustrations for Bel’s book "Messenger of Old and new Hungary," published in 1723. In 1731. the Emperor Charles VI entrusted Mikovini with creating and engraving maps for Bel’s greatest work, the NOTILIA HUNGARIAE HISTORICO-GRAPHICA. Mikovini created the first relatively modern maps of individual provinces of the kingdom of Hungary. He also contributed to the work with illustrations especially views of towns and castles. When determining geographical longitude in the 17th century, various basic (zero) meridians were used. Mikovini decided to create his own zero meridians for Hungary, especially for each map. For example the zero meridian for the map Borough of Bratislava passed through the northeast tower of Bratislava Castle.

He made a significant contribution to the development of mining in central Slovakia, helping it to achieve a place among the most technically developed in Europe at that time. He was a leading expert on the construction of reservoirs, mining machinery, foundries, and mills. He made maps and plans of mines, and led the planning and construction of a system of reservoirs for mining purposes in Banska Stiavnica. From 1735, he was the first director and professor of the school of mining at Banska Stiavnica, the first technical university in Europe. He lectured on mathematics, mechanics, hydraulics, and surveying methods and supervised practical work in land and mine surveying.

From 1735, he was a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. He also worked as an engineer and builder of roads and bridges. During the Austro-Prussian war, the Empress Maria Theresia employed him as a military engineer. He designed and built defensive and fortification works on the Moravian-Silesian frontier. In 1748, he carried out regulation work in the area of Komarno, and at the time devoted attention to archaeological research. He studied and described the remains of the Roman fortress of Brigetio, and made a plan of it. Various buildings were erected according to his plans. In 1749, he prepared plans for construction of a royal palace in Buda, and carried out preparation of the castle hill and construction of water treatment works for it. In 1750, he carried out anti-flooding work on the river Vah. During the work, he became ill and died on March 23rd 1750 at a now unknown place on the road from Trencin to Banska Stiavnica.

The obverse of the coin depicts part from Mikovini’s map of the County of Bratislava from 1773, with allegorical figures and Bratislava Castle. In the upper part is a detail of the map with the contemporary names of the city of Bratislava-Posony and Pressburg. The face value of the coin-500Sk-is placed on the right, with the state coats of arms below it. On the lower margin of the coin is the name of the state SLOVENSKA REPUBLIKA, with the date of issue-2000-below it.

The reverse of the coin shows portrait of Samuel Mikovini, with a surveying instrument, a solar system motif, the name SAMUEL MIKOVINI and the years of his birth and death 1686-1750.

Nominal value: 500Sk
Material: Ag 925/1000
Cu 75/1000
Weight:33.63 g
Diameter: 40 mm
Edge: Infuse


Number of pieces minted:11,600

standard 10,000 and 1,500 PROOF

Design: Ing. Milan Vircik

Engraving: Filip Kuzimin

Producer: Kremnica Mint


are available at 
US $59.95
each plus US$5.95 shipping and handling


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