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Cadastral area: Kečovo
District: Rožňava
Region: Košice

It is situated on the south­western edge of the Silická Plateau in the Slovak Karst, 10 km to the southwest of Plešivec, near the borders with Hungary. Domica Cave is a pearl of the National Na­ture Reserve Domické škrapy (Domické Karren) in the Pro­tected Landscape Area and Bio Spherical Reserve of the Slovak Karst. Entrance to the cave is at the southern foothill of Domica Hill, 339 meters above the sea level.

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It was formed in the Middle Triassic Wetterstein limestones of the Silický nape along the tectonic faults, by underground streams of Styx and Domica at three developmental levels. Overall cave length is 5,080 meters. The lowest part is filled with gra­vel and loam. It forms a gene­tically compact entity, about 25 km in length, together with the Baradla Cave in Hungary.

Shields and drums, cascading pools, onion‑shaped stalactites and pagoda‑like sta­lagmites are typical for its rich sinter filling.

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Bones of spelean bear (Ursus spelaeus) were excavated in the Suchá corridor. Among 11 species of the known bats prevails Rhinolophus euryale, forming here a uni­que colony in Slovakia (more than 1,000 bats).

It is the most important finding‑place of the Neolithic “bukovohorská” culture (4,000 years B.C.). Pile holes of dwellings and fire pits have been preserved in this cave. Abundance of shatters gives evidence of ceramics manufacture. Assorted findings represent the top of the Neolithic handling of bones. Even the evidence of cloths pro­duction has been found. The rear parts of the cave had probably been ritual place, what is to be seen by carbon drawings. Findings of artifacts with eastern linearly orna­mented pottery and items from the Early Stone Age ‑ Szeletien ‑ from 35,000 years ago are unique as well.

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The Old Domica Cave has been known long. J. Majko discovered its continuation into the new spaces in 1926. Domica Cave was interconnected to the cave Čertova diera (Devil’s hole) in 1929 and to the cave Baradla in 1932.
It was made accessible to the public in 1932, including an underground boat trip. Catastrophic floods flooded the cave in June 1954. Other floods were in 1955, 1964, 1977, and 1981. Currently, the show cave tour is 1,315 m, including a 140 m boat trip.



Published in the Slovak Heritage Live newsletter Volume 12, No.2, Summer 2004
Copyright © Vladimir Linder 2004
3804 Yale Street, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5C 1P6
The above article and photographs may not be copied, reproduced, republished, or redistributed by any means including electronic, without the express written permission of
Vladimir Linder. All rights reserved.